There are many types of machining centers, including gantry machining center, Vertical machining center, Horizontal machining center. The common one is our Vertical machining center. Everyone should already know this well, but Horizontal machining center is relatively rare. Let's discuss the difference between Vertical machining center and Horizontal machining center.
One, the difference between Vertical machining center and Horizontal machining center lies in the structure.
The main difference between Vertical machining center and Horizontal machining center is the Z-axis structure. Vertical machining center Z-axis moves vertically downwards to complete processing, while the Z-axis of Horizontal machining center moves horizontally downwards to complete processing. This is Vertical machining center The main difference with Horizontal machining center.
Second, the difference between Vertical machining center and Horizontal machining center lies in the different workbenches.
The vertical machining center workbench is usually a T-slot workbench with a cross slide structure. There are two sets of motion mechanisms responsible for the vertical movement of each other. The X-direction feed worktable is covered on the Y-direction feed rail, and The workbench of the horizontal machining center is only designed to move in X or Y direction. The workbench is generally a rotary workbench with a dot matrix screw hole surface. It is relatively easy to choose an interchangeable double workbench.
So should I choose Vertical machining center or Horizontal machining center?
They are different in dealing with object orientation. Due to the height limitation of the column and tool changer, the Vertical machining center cannot handle too high parts. The volume of the processed workpiece is relatively small. If we want to realize the side processing of the workpiece, we must install an angle head or CNC turntable. Horizontal clamping can complete the processing of the remaining four surfaces except the mounting surface and the top surface. It is suitable for processing box parts. The pentahedron can be processed by adding an angle head.
Generally speaking, the structure of Horizontal machining center is more complicated than Vertical machining center, and the price is much higher.