The difference between vertical machining center and horizontal machining center
1.Vertical machining center
The vertical machining center refers to the machining center with the spindle in the vertical state. The structure is mostly fixed column. The worktable is rectangular and has no indexing rotation function. It is suitable for processing discs, sleeves and plate parts. It generally has three linear motions. A coordinate axis and a rotary table that rotates along the horizontal axis can be mounted on the table to machine spiral parts.
The vertical machining center is easy to install, easy to operate, easy to observe and process, easy to debug, and widely used. However, due to the height of the column and the limitation of the tool changer, it is impossible to process parts that are too high. When machining the cavity or the concave profile, the chips are not easily discharged. In severe cases, the tool will be damaged, the processed surface will be damaged, and the processing will be affected smoothly.
2.Horizontal machining center
Horizontal machining center refers to the machining center with the spindle in the horizontal state. Usually, it has a rotary table with automatic indexing. It usually has 3~5 motion coordinates. Commonly, it is three linear motion coordinates plus one rotary motion coordinate. After the card is loaded, the processing of the remaining four surfaces except the mounting surface and the top surface is completed, which is most suitable for adding the box-like parts. Compared with the vertical machining center, the horizontal machining center is easy to remove chips during processing, which is advantageous for processing, but the structure is complicated and the price is high.